2017 : "Victorious and Defeated - Warfare, Rituals and Funerary Practices at the End of the 3rd Century BC in Pech Maho (Aude, France)", de GAILLEDRAT Eric, ANWAR Nasrine, BEYLIER Alexandre, CURÉ Anne-Marie, DUDAY Henri, MUNOS Sébastien, VACHERET Ariane, Ancient West & East 16, p. 113-138, 2017.

 

Abstract :

The coastal emporion of Pech Maho (Aude, France) suffered a brutal destruction just before 200 BC. Recent excavations allow us to reconsider what was previously interpreted as a simple ‘war layer’. Two phases have to be distinguished: one related to an act of war, another related to a short reoccupation preceding the abandonment of the settlement. A set of ritual practices characterise the latter, with evidence of banquets preceded by animal sacrifice, and a collective funerary pyre. This ritualistic closure of the site is clearly linked to the very special conditions surrounding its destruction and the status of those who died there.